Tag Archives: protection

A Snapshot of Human Rights Protection in Bulgaria

The US State Department has issued its 2009 Human Rights Report. The section about Bulgaria has some interesting findings.

The report reviews the performance of Bulgaria in various human rights categories. The main conclusions are that there were problems with police abuse and mistreatment of pretrial detainees, prison inmates, and minorities; harsh conditions in prisons and detention facilities; and official impunity. There were some limitations on freedom of the press; discrimination against religious minorities; and pervasive government corruption in the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government. Corrupt practices included bribery, EU funds fraud, elaborate embezzlement schemes, legislation protecting private interests, and official protection for organized crime figures. Corruption reportedly was severe in high civil and administrative courts.

The report takes note of the initial steps of the new Bulgarian government to address corruption.

The report sources a lot of its information from the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR).

Codified Directive on Legal Protection of Computer Programs

The new codified Directive 2009/24/EC on the legal protection of computer programs has been published in Official Journal. It replaces Council Directive 91/250/EEC of 14 May 1991 on the legal protection of computer programs.

The main provision:

“Member States shall protect computer programs, by copyright, as literary works within the meaning of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works.”