Tag Archives: export

Customs: New Security Data Electronic Declaration from 2011

From 1 January 2011, traders are obliged to make an electronic declaration to Customs with security data on goods before they leave or enter the European Union. The type of security data requested from the traders varies according to the means of transport and the reliability of traders involved in the operation (see Annex 30a of Regulation (EEC) No 2454/93). It can include, for example, a description of the goods, information on the consignor or exporter, the route of the goods, and any potential hazards. The time limits for submitting advance security data also vary according to the means of transport: from 24 hours in advance of loading for maritime cargo to 1 hour before arrival for road traffic or even less for certain air transport.

Common EU Rules for Exports

The new Regulation (EC) No 1061/2009 establishing common rules for exports has been published in the Official Journal.

The principle set out in the regulation is that the exportation of all goods from the European Union shall be free, with the exception of the restrictions provided for in that regulation.

 

Trouble over Raw Materials Supply from China

The association of German industry BDI has warned that:

“Global, European and national restrictions to commodities are threatening the growth of German industry, which is vital to overcoming the current crisis.”

“We are steering towards a raw materials gap,” said Ulrich Grillo, chairman of the BDI commodities group and chief executive of German zinc producer Grillo-Werke.

BDI complains that China alone has restricted trade with raw materials and semi-finished products with some 373 export duties.

This complaint comes when there’s news about a draft report by China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. The report has called for a total ban on foreign shipments of some rare metals, while introducing export quotas for other rare elements far bellow global needs.

EU, US Take China to WTO over Raw Materials

Both the European Union and the US have requested consultations with China in WTO over export restrictions for raw materials.

According to Catherine Ashton, EU Trade Commissioner: “the Chinese restrictions on raw materials distort competition and increase global prices, making things even more difficult for our companies in this economic downturn. I hope that we can find an amicable solution to this issue through the consultation process.”

Raw materials in question include yellow phosphorous, bauxite, coke, fluorspar, magnesium, manganese, silicon metal, silicon carbide and zinc.

China says that the restrictions are meant to protect the environment and comply with Chinese trade commitments.

To put this in perspective, read the excellent article by Martin Stürmer: “The International Raw Materials Boom. A Challenge for Multilateral Trade Policy”. The author pays specific attention to the implications of raw materials competition, which caused many wars in the last two centuries, and prompted the beginning of the European integration process. Stürmer thinks that the multilateral world trade system is barely adequate to meet the new challenges arising from increasing raw materials consumption. The author advocates for a recognition of the development policy interests of many producer states.