Study on Preliminary Education

The Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency of the EU has published the report “Tackling Social and Cultural Inequalities through Early Childhood Education and Care in Europe”. The report includes a review of scientific literature on the impact of high quality education and care on young children, statistical data on relevant demographic characteristics, and a comparative analysis of policy measures.

According to the report, the most effective intervention programmes involve intensive, early starting, childfocused, centre-based education together with strong parent involvement, parent education,
programmed educational home activities and measures of family support.

The report finds that:

  • Many countries do not even have any central recommendations or guidelines regarding curricula for the youngest children;
  • The problem of access to early child education and care has been virtually solved throughout Europe for 5-year-olds, but this is certainly not the case for the 0-3 age group, or even for 4-year-olds in some countries;
  • Home-based education, even when providing parental support, is usually not enough to close the educational gap.

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